Most commercial airplanes reach speeds of about 550 to 580 mph while cruising through the air, but they must drop to about 150-165 mph before they can safely land. To slow down effectively, most airplanes feature a braking system which consists of both air brakes for slowing in the air, and landing gear brakes for coming to a stop on the ground. By engaging the air brakes, pilots can increase drag, decreasing their overall speed. Understanding the working of these brakes can add some clarity to a concept that is less often talked about than the achievement of flight.


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Across countless industries, aviation included, fasteners are vital parts used for security and preventing movement. Fasteners comprise many familiar items from screws to tape, as well as less common part types that not all buyers will be familiar with. One such part type is the clevis pin, a fastener with a flat head, cylindrical shank, and hole intended for use with a cotter pin. As a convenient alternative to other fasteners such as bolts or rivets, clevis pins are strong and durable, often being made from metals like stainless steel or carbon steel, so if you are looking to procure a reliable fastener for your applications, it is helpful to understand the several functions of clevis pins.


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As the pilot’s operating center during flight, the cockpit is equipped with countless devices used for control, navigation, communication, safety, and more. With many factors to consider while operating aircraft, pilots must be highly attentive and able to multitask. With this in mind, some factors of flight do not require manual monitoring, and instead only require the pilot’s attention in dire circumstances. These computer-monitor systems therefore only need manual operation when there are potential hazards that threaten to disrupt their functions. As the pilot is baseline unaware of these systems, there must be a warning system in place to alert the pilot of when one or more of these systems require manual attention. For these situations, aircraft are equipped with warning lights in the cockpit. For your better understanding of the function of these specialized notification lights, this blog will offer a brief overview of how cockpit warning lights enhance aircraft safety.


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When a pilot operates an aircraft, they must have the skill and capability to safely and effectively conduct landing procedures to finalize a flight operation. While they will have ample training on their way to earning a pilot license, modern technology has allowed for pilots to be assisted in the endeavor of landing to increase safety. This technology comes in the form of the instrument landing system (ILS), which allows for an aircraft to conduct a precision approach when landing on a runway. To do this, the ILS utilizes electronic glide slope guidance and tracking guidance.


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While aircraft are traveling high up in the atmosphere, it is critical that they have systems and resources in place to combat any issue that would deter safety. One major hazard that an aircraft may potentially face is a fire, that of which can result from improper fuel combustion, system issues, or other various reasons. While exceedingly rare, aircraft fires are highly dangerous due to the difficulty of manually combating them, as well as how fires may affect the aircraft’s ability to remain airborne. On a typical aircraft, various forms of fire protection systems and elements will be present for safety, each having its own role and capabilities. One notable form of fire protection is the fire sleeve, that of which comes in the form of a hollow tube.


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During the takeoff and landing of many commercial jets, flaps on the wings extend for the duration of time it takes the aircraft to reach cruising altitude. While these wing flaps deploy for a small portion of flight, they serve the important purpose of altering the entire shape of the wing. This small adjustment redirects airflow over the wing and greatly improves takeoff and landing capabilities. This blog will explore this small but impactful feature of flight to understand why so many planes employ extended wing flaps.


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While many modern aircraft now take advantage of advanced and powerful gas turbine engines that have revolutionized flight as we know it, a large number of models still utilize reciprocating engines that have served aviation endeavors since the first powered flight. While the original engines for heavier-than-air aircraft, reciprocating engines are extremely advanced with a number of components that work together to make flight possible. In this blog, we will discuss aircraft reciprocating engines in more detail, allowing you to have a better understanding of their general design, variations, and uses.


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When an aircraft is preparing to take off or has just landed at an airport, it is important that they are able to safely move across the runway as necessary while accommodating any nearby aircraft that also need to use such spaces. When an aircraft traverses a ground service, it is known as taxiing. While the pilot plays a pivotal role in controlling the aircraft on the ground, they often rely on the direction provided by a taxi signalman to safely move. In this blog, we will discuss the taxiing of an aircraft, allowing you to better understand how pilots and signalmen work together to safely conduct operations.


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Pilots are using more advanced technologies than before, many of which have revolutionized the way they conduct flight operations. One major example of this is the debut of GPS navigation. GPS (global positioning system) technology has had an exponential growth rate in aviation use over recent years because it offers faster access to data and better accuracy for navigating around airports or other confined spaces where traditional technology falls short.


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A properly functioning head gasket is a critical component in an internal combustion engine. Unfortunately, it is also one of the items most prone to damage and replacement. Since replacements can be costly, knowing some diagnostic and repair techniques is important. In this blog, we will discuss the function of a head gasket, some signs that it may be close to failure, and a few repair tips.


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